Vitamin B-Complex and its Importance
Vitamins are complex compounds of different chemical nature that are important for normal biological functioning. Specifically, in very small quantities vitamins are needed for growth, normal functioning of cells and tissues and general health maintenance. Plants and some microorganisms are unable to synthesize all the necessary vitamins, while animals produce certain vitamins themselves, others must enter through diet.
When we talk about B vitamins, we are actually talking about Vitamin B complex. It includes the following vitamins:
B1 (thiamine). It is important for the creation of energy in the body. It affects the operation of the nervous system, heart and other muscles.
B2 (riboflavin). This vitamin is important for maintaining good sight, production of red blood cells, maintains a strong immune system and normal functioning of the nervous system.
B3 (niacin). It lowers bad cholesterol and makes better the blood circulation. It also helps in maintaining healthy skin.
B5 (pantothenic acid). It is important for maintaining healthy skin, affects the operation of the nervous system and helps with stress.
B6 (pyridoxine). It helps decomposition of proteins and maintains the health of the nervous system.
B7 (biotin). It helps to normalize blood glucose levels in diabetics. Strengthens nails and keeps hair healthy.
B9 (folic acid). It helps with stress and fatigue. What’s even more it improves blood and takes part in the creation of DNA.
B12 (cobalamin). Increases appetite and helps in the prevention of anemia.
Each of the aforementioned vitamins has its own unique biological role in the body. But as a group these vitamins have a lot in common. Many of them can be found in the same food and they even operate together in the body as complex.
B vitamins as co-enzymes, crucial components of enzymes, are used in almost each part of the body. They are especially important for maintaining healthy nerves, skin, hair, eyes, liver and mouth. Also help in the burning of carbohydrates, which creates glucose. It energizes the body.
B vitamins can be entered through the various extra supplements like multivitamins. But experts advise to enter them mainly through diet.
B vitamins are most prevalent in the cereal grains like wheat, rice, oats, rye. Also found in vegetables with green leaves, meat of poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and beans.